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Trading of non-performing residential whole loans is historically a process of working with given financial institution’s asset disposition group, obtaining the institution’s non-performing portfolio, researching and underwriting the properties, and assessing where those properties are in the foreclosure process (credit curve or timeline).

A whole loan trader’s research and underwriting process typically involves breaking the portfolio out by geographic markets (state, city, physical address), identifying targeted properties, defining the foreclosure timeline of targeted properties, evaluating those properties’ mortgagor pay histories, obtaining prior appraisals and “broker opinion of values (BPO’s),” and assessing pricing risk.

Whole loan trading value is a function of pricing, which is determined by the underlying asset (properties) “true market value” at the time of whole loan portfolio purchase.

Three primary strategies used in today’s non-performing market include:

  • Value added portfolio acquisition involving “workouts” and “loan modifications” with mortgagors
  • Arbitrage the loan portfolio and make a profit on “spread” between purchase and sale
  • Obtaining a portfolio at a discount to hold long term

In prior real estate cycles, whole loan trading yields were fairly stable and predictable, but in our current chaotic real estate cycle (2008 -2011), yields are much more volatile given pricing risk assessments. Contemporary market issues including the banking “mark-to-market” accounting rules and regulations, government intervention in the private sector foreclosure process, the future of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Ginnie Mae, and the foreclosure “Robo” signing debacle. These events are currently immobilizing the whole loan trading marketplace.

The current market malaise is further exacerbated by historic banking culture. A culture that restricts non-performing assets from the market for fear of negative public perception of a given institutions financial stability. This is because when a portfolio of loans sells below book value, it results in both a negative “write-down” and “reserve” event for the bank. Hence, many whole loan portfolios are not marketed effectively to the trading community.

Currently there are more buyers than sellers, and while the marketplace is stagnant, emerging opportunities abound.

By: Chris Negri & Kyle Cascioli, February 18, 2011


Executive Summary: Global capital markets in 2008 experience historic illiquidity, with nearly every major country's central banking system having to infuse capital directly into their member banks. These dramatic steps were taken to help keep banks solvent while they continued to absorb massive losses related to business, insurance, and real estate debt. This paper estimates the size of the commercial real estate debt financing needed in 2009 and beyond. The paper also seeks to further expand and update evolving investment possibilities, given the status of the capita markets in the United States in 2009 and the increasing and unprecedented high demand and low supply of debt available for the financing and refinancing of commercial real estate properties. By looking at the ten-year historic trends of exisiting commercial debt demand and supply, a forecast of future debt demand and supply shortfall through 2018 is developed. Then the potential impact on commercial mortgage pricing is discussed.

Read entire article: Commercial Real Estate Debt Maturities: Shortfall & Implications.


As a follow up to my earlier discussion about “What’s Wrong with the Real Estate Auction Business Model,” let’s talk about what the advantages are of pursuing this real estate sales property exit strategy.

By definition, auctioning “best practices” produce market offers (prices) at specific (static) points in time (date).

In my earlier piece on “What’s Wrong with the Real Estate Auctioning Model?” I explained what I believe is wrong with the traditional property listing model. In the traditional listing model, sellers typically overprice their property and passively wait for the market to engage them. National Association of Realtor studies consitantly report that over 80% of sellers dictate the listing price of their home to their agents prior to listing. This implies that less than 20% of all real estate agents are either trusted regarding their pricing recommendation or disagree with their clients perception of value. The apparent acquiesence of real estate professionals to sellers regarding the value of their homes (listing price) in the majority of cases is fine in a good market, but disasterous in a poor one. This is even more exacerbated in this downcycle by the unprecedented (structural) economic events (Circa 2008), and those events debilitating effect on residential property values in both the short-term and foreseeable future.

This approach does neither the client nor agent any good as the property languishes on the market, as both client and agent chase the market down through price reductions in utter frustration (Circa 2008). By the way, this traditional real estate listing pricing model is known as a “Dutch Auction,” an auction where the seller starts high and takes the first lower acceptable offer.

In my opinion, the biggest single advantage to the auctioning approach is that it produces “true market” offers more quickly, regardless of market conditions. The auctioning approach changes the dynamic of making an offer to the favor of buyers. Instead of a seller pricing a property high and challenging buyers to "make offers," auctioning allows the seller to price low and empower buyers to challenge them (sellers) to "accept their offers."

This is a dynamic that accomplishes two things. One it creates a comfort zone for buyers to engage sellers directly and "make their best offers" for the property without feeling as though they are wasting their time or insulting the seller. Two, auction methodology also intrigues and attracts the "fringe" buyer that is capable of purchasing but is perhaps not actively looking at properties (and likely not represented).

Fee structure aside, the auction model can increase the likelihood of a direct sale to an unrepresented buyer and potentially reduce transactions fees (commissions). The auction process also compresses the property sales cycle, flattens the lines of communication between buyers and sellers, produces more qualified buyers than the traditional listing process, increases sellers’ returns on their advertising (ROI), and is a true indicator of a properties market value.

Let’s discuss these advantages individually.

First, the auction models “proactive” marketing approach targets the consumer directly in addition to the real estate brokerage community. Whether it is that those who attend auctions

are more likely to be direct buyers (unrepresented), the consumer targeted advertising campaign promoting the auction, the current resistance of the Realtor community to embrace the auctioning model as a legitimate sales mechanism, or a combination of all of the above, most bidders today are unrepresented by agents (they have attorneys). In these cases, the seller saves money on fees and can be more competitive on sales price. Thus, another advantage to the auction/5 Day Sale model is that it is more likely to result in a direct sale.

Second the auction process compresses the property sales cycle because the auction is held on a specific date. The property is intended to be sold on that date, thus creating a sense of urgency for the interested buyers. When compared with the traditional real estate “Dutch Auction” listing approach described above, the auction model generates a timely sale, which allows the seller to benefit by avoiding additional carrying costs, exposing themselves to increased market pricing risk, and a shrinking buyer pool, given our deteriorating national economy and tightening credit at the retail mortgage levels.

The theory of the “Time Value of Money” applies to real estate transactions as well as cash. In a market such as ours (Circa2008) a sale today is worth more than a sale tomorrow for most sellers.

Third, the auction model – while relying upon the support and counsel of real estate/auctioning professionals – promotes direct dialogue between sellers and buyers. This facilitates the constructive exchange of information (unfiltered by intermediaries), and the process is a more consumer friendly one from the buyers perspective. This process also allows sellers to benefit by having “the market speak directly to them,” as bidders share what they like about the home, do not like, and what competitive properties they may be considering. It’s one thing for the sellers’ agents to “debrief” clients after getting showing-feedback from a buyers’ agents on a showing they (sellers’ agents) often don’t attend, but it’s very illuminating for a seller to get direct feedback from buyers in real time. Seller’s gain near perfect information regarding bidders’ interest, and often, a rapport develops between buyers and sellers during the inspection process that can be helpful when finalizing the terms of a sale.

Fourth, those attending auctions under formal auction models (where bidders are required to post “good funds” earnest monies to be eligible to bid), or less formal auction models such as the 5 Day Sale, those participating in real estate auctions are usually financially qualified and more likely to be all-cash buyers.

Fifth, when run correctly the auction model is the best real indicator of a given properties true “market value” at a given point. Appraisals, comparative market analyses, brokers’ opinions of values, they are all “well-informed guesses” based on historic sales data and a given real estate professional’s market perceptions and value opinions. The auction model identifies a pool of buyers (the “Buyer Pool”) at a specific date (static point in time) and then facilitates their (buyers) ability to compete for the subject property.

Sixth, the auction format increases seller’s return on investment (ROI) on his/her advertising dollar. In a soft market, all properties become commodities (with many substitutes) and a seller’s given real estate ad that advertises prices near or above the market gets lost in the crowd of similar real estate offerings, regardless of advertising medium (print, online, etc.). The fact that the auction format begins with a significant “discount-to-market” via “starting bid price” distinguishes the property from all of its competitors, garners viewing, gets clipped by potential buyers, has increased shelf-life, and is therefore more effective in generating market interest. If the advertising is more effective in generating above market interest based on pricing, then the return on investment (ROI) is greater than traditional real estate advertising with offerings priced at or above market.

In closing, anyone considering pursuing an auction or an "Accelerated Property Marketing" strategy for their commercial real estate (or Debt Offering) in a soft market should weigh the “cost-benefit” of conducting that sale, given both the price point of their property (or Debt Offering), market realities, and historic price expectations.


One day several years ago while I was director of real estate services for a “start-up” residential real estate e-commerce venture that failed, a key investor in the company asked me the question: “How do I sell a home for free?”

Being adjunct faculty in the real estate department at the business school of a prestigious university, a veteran of both the commercial and residential markets, and a frustrated member of the National Association of Realtors (NAR), I surprised myself by having to stretch for an answer. In a flash it came to me … and I replied to the investor that you can “auction the property.”

After all, at a traditional auction the seller pays the auctioneer to promote and manage the auction process, but no fees or commissions are usually paid to the buyer or the buyer’s representative(s) if he or she has one, which is not always the case.

Along with my role at the time in helping to “shape our real estate e-commerce business model,” and interest in verifying my naïve assumption that auctioning is a way to sell real estate for free, I decided to research the subject further.

I came across a book entitled “How to Sell Your Home in 5 Days (Bill Effros; Workman Publishers, New York), a “consumer-centric” work targeting the “do-it-yourselfer (For Sale By Owner).” The book does an excellent job in both explaining the process of auctioning and the fundamentals of running an auction on your home in 5 Days in order to get buyers to competitively bid on your property.

After reading the book in 2007, I decided that it would be a good exercise for my students to combine our study of real estate theory at the university with contemporary real estate practice. I solicited student volunteers to help document a 5 Day Sale/ Home Auction. We found a seller in Denver online who was in need of help in conducting his auction, and we offered to help in exchange for the right to videotape and document the effort as a case study. This auction/5 Day Sale was successful and you can view the video and review our case studies at:

My curiosity piqued; I continued to research auctioneering industry practices and even joined our state auctioneering association. While not all auctioneers sell real estate, those that do must hold real estate licenses in their given state of operation. While all states require real estate practitioners to be licensed (and therefore regulated), not all states require that auctioneers be licensed.

Auctions can take many forms. On the one end of the spectrum, there is the “absolute auction” that results in a sale regardless of price as long as the minimum disclosed bid level is met (assuming there is one). On the other end of the spectrum, there is the auction with an “undisclosed bid.” In each of these approaches, the point is to start your bidding at an either artificially low - or minimal acceptable - price point so as to engage as many potential buyers available in a market at a given point in time, and then

to bid those potential buyers competitively to find the best buyer for the property. Best buyer is usually defined as most competitive bidder that meets or exceeds the seller’s minimal acceptable price (reserve). By definition, competent auctioning produces market prices at a static point in time.

I have since been engaged to assist and document multiple real estate auctions and/or 5 Day Sales, all of which have been successful, but not all of which resulted in the sale of the property at that time. That said, they all provided “perfect market” feedback directly from buyers to the sellers regarding the given properties’ features and those buyers perception of market value. For the record, I believe the auction methodology is a valid and legitimate real estate sales strategy. I am particularly impressed with the fact that auctioning is a much more “proactive” sales strategy than is the traditional listing of real estate, which I believe to be a passive sales strategy.

The question then becomes, is auctioning a cost effective method for selling real estate when compared to traditional methods of selling real estate? The fact is that it takes time, money, and effort to run an auction, sell the property yourself, or list it with an broker.

Most auctioneers will charge a significant auction marketing fee to cover promotional costs and their time. Additionally, most auction firms charge a “buyers premium” that the buyer pays net of their offer. This means that while the seller pays no fees directly, the buyers’ offers are “net” of any auction and buyer’s agent fees. Auctioneers’ “buyers premiums” for real estate transactions range from 5% to 10%, depending upon whether the bidders are represented by real estate agents or not.

We already know what’s wrong with the traditional real estate listing model where we start by overpricing our property and listing it. This approach does neither the client nor agent any good as the property languishes on the market as both client and agent chase the market down through price reductions in frustration together, (Circa 2008). By the way, this traditional real estate listing pricing model is known as a “Dutch Auction,” an auction where the seller starts high and takes the first lower acceptable offer.

So...what then is wrong with the auctioning model?

In its current form, the traditional auctioning model has the potential to lead to “conflicts of interest” between sellers and auctioneers, and they are just as expensive as - or more so - than the traditional listing of real estate. The expense is often justified, given the “time value” of a sale, but if that sale involves an auctioneer producing a buyer represented by an agent, then the fees – while paid by the buyers – decrease those buyers’ effective purchasing power net to the seller, and the seller achieves a lower effective sales price.

Whether it it’s an auction or a traditional listing the buyer always bears the cost of fees, because they are paid for from the proceeds of sale.

Is there an alternative auctioning business model for sellers and brokers alike?

Yes...through our online real estate auction platform resources, expertise, and consulting.


Property Information

Space Available: Unit 18
Rental Bids Starting at: $6 NNN PSF!!! 
Size: 1,445 Square Feet
Lease Term: 3 Year Lease Term
Parking: Generous Parking With Center


  • Join Safeway, Walmart and Wells Fargo in this premier retail location along the main entrance to downtown Frisco.
  • Located on Summit Blvd. in Frisco, Colorado.
  • CDOT-06 Annual daily traffic count of 17,400 for this specific intersection.
  • Located in the heart of Colorado’s major resort playgrounds and parks with over 3 million visitors a year.
  • On-site management.

Contact us regarding this property...


Property Information

Price: $185,000 | $94.68 Per Square Foot
Size: 1,954 Square Feet (762 Office, 1,192 Warehouse)
Zoning: I-1 (Arapahoe Road Industrial Park PUD)


  • Ideal SE Metro location for:  Contractor, distributor, home / business service provider, etc.
  • Proximity to Centennial Airport and Denver Technology Center.
  • Excellent access to Parker Road, I-25 & C-470.
  • 12’ wide by 14’ high drive-in door, 16’ ceiling height.

View Floor Plan (PDF)

Contact us regarding this property...


While leasehold space auctioning is a new concept, we believe it has significant relevance and promise with regard to formerly occupied, specialty tenant finish spaces such as restaurants, or any other second generation space that has significant, specialized tenant finish, fixtures, furniture, and equipment (FF&E). (APM) showcases leasehold interests (direct and sublease) for non-distressed auctioning (5 Day Sale Style).  APM has dedicated site traffic, and serves as a “portal” website that your leasehold specific (space) website will be featured in.


Bank Note auctioning is on the rise, and (APM) allows note holders to discreetly gauge the marketplace for the most current “bid and asked” pricing.  APM showcases Bank Loan Notes for non-distressed auctioning (5 Day Sale Style).  APM has dedicated site traffic, and serves as a “portal” website that your Bank Note term sheet and collateralized property information website will be featured on.

Read more... (APM) showcases subject properties scheduled for non-distressed auctioning (5 Day Sale Style).  APM has dedicated site traffic, and serves as a “portal” website that features your property specific website.


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